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Michael Agruss

Written and Reviewed by Michael Agruss

  • Managing Partner and Personal Injury Lawyer at Mike Agruss Law.
  • Over 20 years of experience in Personal Injury.
  • Over 8000+ consumer rights cases settled.
  • Graduated from the University of Illinois Chicago School of Law: Juris Doctor, 2004.

Here at Mike Agruss Law, we are proud to serve the people of Waukegan in personal injury cases, including when you or a loved one has been a victim of nursing home neglect or abuse, and we are fully committed to protecting your rights and ensuring that the other party is held legally accountable when negligence occurs. We will fight until the very end to ensure that you receive full financial compensation for all injuries and losses, including medical expenses and pain and suffering, and you won’t owe us a dime for our services. Contact our nursing home abuse lawyers for a free consultation today.

Illinois Nursing Home Abuse

Nursing home abuse – both physical and emotional abuse – is a widespread problem in the United States. The American Association of Justice releases annual statistics on nursing home abuse in the United States. According to a report titled “Nursing Home by the Numbers:”

  • An estimated 13 of every 14 nursing home abuse cases is not reported to the proper authorities;
  • Over 90% of nursing homes are not adequately staffed to care for residents;
  • An estimated 1.5 million people currently live in U.S. nursing homes.

Assisted living facilities are a $75 billion-per-year industry in the United States, and unfortunately the profit-motive compels many of these nursing facilities to cut costs by any means necessary, which leads to serious problems like understaffing, inadequate employee training, and abuse of residents that may violate both state and federal laws. Any nursing home resident who has been abused deserves full compensation for all injuries and losses, including medical expenses and pain and suffering, and our nursing home abuse attorneys will fight for you to the very end to hold the nursing home facility accountable and see that justice is served.

Types of Nursing Home Negligence

Bedsores – Although they are preventable, bedsores can have serious and even fatal complications in some cases. Many employees in nursing homes lack the proper training and/or experience to identify, treat, and prevent bedsores.

Belittling – Verbal belittling/harassment from nursing home workers qualifies as elderly abuse, as it can cause emotional and psychological harm, and victims may be entitled to compensation.

Choking – Physical abuse such as hitting or choking often results from inadequate supervision of elderly patients, especially those who may require supervision while eating.

Emotional abuse – Emotional trauma and associated depression and/or anxiety are unfortunately common among elderly nursing home residents due to psychological abuse and neglect, and this can be a subcategory of “pain and suffering,” which is a larger category of damages in personal injury claims.

Falls and fractures – Nursing home facilities owe their residents a legal duty of care regarding safe premises and adequate supervision, and failure to meet either obligation can result in a fall and serious injuries for which the victim may be entitled to compensation.

Financial elder abuse – Financial abuse or exploitation of nursing home patients, including theft, forgery, and undue influence, is among the most common types of nursing home abuse.

Inadequate staffing – This is a common problem in nursing homes nationwide and may fall on the nursing home administrator. Despite staffing being governed by law, some nursing homes still attempt to save time and resources by hiring fewer caregivers, which can result in a variety of negligence-related problems and lack of proper medical care, as well as greater health-risks for residents who require prompt medical care.

Malnutrition – Malnutrition can result from neglect and inadequate care, and also puts residents at greater risk for other illnesses.

Medication errors – Under-dose, overdose, and confusing one medication for another are common examples of medical malpractice cases which can be life-threatening for some residents.

Sexual harassment – Residents who have been sexually harassed in nursing homes are often reluctant to come forward about physical or sexual abuse, or even attempted sexual assault due to discomfort with discussing the matter, fear of retaliation, or uncertainty of exactly who was responsible for the abuse. However, victims are encouraged to speak out and consult with an experienced nursing home abuse attorney to seek justice and compensation for the damages.

Sepsis – The elderly are more susceptible to sepsis than other age-groups, and risk-factors in addition to age include cancer, diabetes, and kidney disease. Combating sepsis can require prompt medical attention from experienced caregivers, and negligence or malpractice in these situations may constitute elder abuse and result in a personal injury claim.

Staff administration failure – Types of negligence in this category include failure to provide adequate food, water, or medication, as well as things like failing to fix a bedrail or other faulty piece of equipment, all of which can fall on a nursing home staff member.

Unreasonable restraints – There are only extremely-limited circumstances in which elderly residents of nursing homes can be physically restrained, and wrongly or unlawfully restraining a resident may constitute unnecessary physical force against an elderly person.

Wrongful/inappropriate care – Wrongful or inappropriate care of any kind which results in an illness or injury in an assisted living facility may be considered negligence or malpractice for which the victim may be entitled to compensation in a nursing home negligence claim.

Wrongful death – If your loved one died in a nursing home as a direct result of abuse or neglect, you may be entitled to compensation for your losses with the help of an experienced nursing home abuse lawyer.

Federal Laws

Here are the federally-protected rights of nursing home residents. These residents have the right to:

Have visitors;

Report nursing home abuse and file complaints about inadequate medical care;

To not be abused or unnecessarily restrained;

Personal privacy respect, especially pertaining to medical records and information;

Have and use clothing and other personal belongings;

Full medical disclosures of all treatments and their costs;

Personal health services from a physician;

Handle all personal finances;

Understand all policies and procedures of the nursing home.

Case Valuation

The assistance of an experienced personal injury lawyer is essential to accurately estimate the potential value of your case, as nursing home abuse claims and their potential outcomes depend on a wide range of factors. These include:

Patient’s age

While it may not be fair, nursing home abuse cases involving younger plaintiffs tend to result in higher settlements than those involving older plaintiffs.

Patient’s health

Nursing home abuse cases involving healthier plaintiffs tend to be more valuable than those involving plaintiffs who are less healthy and/or have pre-existing conditions.

Patterns of care

Nursing homes which have patterns of abuse or neglect may be more inclined to settle an abuse case than facilities without reports of such problems.

Insurance companies

Some nursing homes’ insurance companies are more willing to settle abuse cases than others.


Jurors tend to more aggressively value cases in large metro areas, such as Chicago, which can result in higher average settlements for nursing home abuse victims.

Family involvement

A nursing home which has been accused of abusing or neglecting your family member may look at the extent of your family’s communication and involvement with him/her during their time in the facility to try to judge your sincerity as opposed to financial motivation.

Medical Record Reviews

If you believe that abuse or negligence has occurred within a nursing home, one of the first steps to take involves obtaining medical records and the conduction of a “medical record review” by a medical expert. These reviews are able to identify deviations from standards of care by physicians working within the home and explore the root causes of these problems.

HIPAA regulations make it quite difficult for family members to obtain medical records from nursing homes, and many people lack understanding of the applicable laws to such a situation. Particular laws state that patients are entitled to view their medical records at any time during their care, treatment, or recuperation, and any authorized representative who is also permitted to view the records must be listed on that patient’s contract upon his/her admission to the facility. Patients also have the right to keep their medical records private and confidential if they so choose.

If you are seeking a medical record review due because you suspect nursing home abuse or negligence, here are some tips to keep in mind:

  • You are not required to explicitly tell the facility why you are requesting medical records. This may be best kept private if previous efforts to address negligence were ineffective, but this is your decision.
  • Keep records for future reference of your requests to medical experts for a medical record review.
  • Reasons to see medical records are usually well-founded and may potentially expose negligent or abusive practices, so don’t ignore any instincts or “gut feelings” that something may be wrong.


Here are the three most common forms of damages in a nursing home abuse case:

Economic Damages

Also known as “compensatory” or “specific” damages, this form of damages is meant to compensate victims for out-of-pocket expenses which resulted directly from the unlawful incident in the nursing home. These damages typically include medical expenses, lost wages (if applicable), and replacement of lost or damaged property.

Non-economic Damages

Also known as “general” or “nominal” damages, non-economic damages are meant to compensate victims for intangible injuries, particularly disfigurement and pain and suffering.

Punitive Damages

Punitive damages are occasionally awarded in cases of extreme negligence in which a jury strongly intends to deter the defendant’s unlawful conduct, and these damages are awarded in some nursing home cases.

Statute of Limitations

Under Illinois law, a nursing home abuse claim must be filed within two (2) years of the date the abuse or neglect occurred. If the abuse resulted in the death of your loved one, this three-year time limit begins from the date your loved one passed.

Contact us Today!

If you or a loved one has suffered from nursing home abuse in the Waukegan area, you need an experienced nursing home neglect attorney. Contact Mike Agruss Law for a free case evaluation. We are a Chicago-based personal injury law firm, and helping our clients is about counseling, advocating, and ultimately solving problems. With years of experience successfully representing the people and not the powerful, we will take care of the insurance company, your medical treatment, your property damage, and your lost wages under the attorney client relationship. We will handle your case quickly and advise you every step of the way, and we will not hesitate to go to trial for you.

Lastly, Mike Agruss Law works on a contingency fee basis and is not paid attorneys’ fees unless we win your case. Our no-fee promise is that simple. You have nothing to risk when you hire us – only the opportunity to seek justice.

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